Glossary Terms

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Cosponsorship

Cosponsorship occurs when a legislator adds her or his name to an official list of those who stand in support of a bill. According to Joint Rule 206 of the Maine State Legislature, “a bill, resolve, order, resolution or memorial may have up to 10…


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Female Labor Force Participation Rate

As defined by the American Community Survey (a project of the U.S. Census Bureau), female labor force participation rate is the percent of females aged 16 years and up who are either employed, unemployed but looking for work, or a member of the armed forces….


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Gini Index

The Gini Index (also referred to as the “Gini Coefficient” and named after statistician Corrado Gini) indicates the extent of income inequality in a place. At its minimum, the Gini Index equals 0 in conditions of absolute income equality, in which every person earns the…


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HP: House Paper

In the Maine State Legislature, bills that are proposed by a member of the House of Representatives are given a label HP, short for House Paper.The system of bill numbers can be confusing to the newcomer because bills have multiple numbers associated with them: Before…


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Joint Rule 310.3

When a bill is listed as “Placed in Legislative Files (DEAD)… Pursuant to Joint Rule 310.3,” this means that the bill has been shelved and will not be considered further unless 2/3 of both the House and Senate vote to do so. Joint Rule 310…


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LD: Legislative Document

In the Maine State Legislature, bills are given a label LD, short for Legislative Document. This is the most common reference for a full bill once it has been written. The system of bill numbers is confusing because bills may have other numbers associated with…


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Median

The median of some variable is the value above which half of people lie, and below which half of people lie.For a set of five people of various ages…Ed, 75 years old Betty, 62 years old Charlie, 55 years old Francine, 30 years old Gilda,…


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Ought Not to Pass (ONTP)

Typically referred to by the acronym ONTP, an “Ought Not To Pass” majority report attached to a bill emerging from committee review indicates that the committee is opposed to the bill’s passage. A “yes” vote on an ONTP recommendation is a vote against passage of…


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Ought to Pass (OTP)

Typically referred to by the acronym OTP, an “Ought to Pass” majority report attached to a bill when it emerges from committee review indicates that the committee recommends passage of the bill. A “Yes” roll call vote on an OTP recommendation is a vote to…


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Quintile

Quintiles are divisions of U.S. households into five equal segments. In studies characterizing income by quintile, the top 20% of income-earning households placed in the top quintile, the bottom 20% of income-earning households placed in the bottom quintile, and others ranked between. Each income quintile…