Maine LD 162: An Act To Protect the Rights of Property Owners

LD 162 (subjects: REAL ESTATE , EMINENT DOMAIN )

Official bill page at mainelegislature.org: http://www.mainelegislature.org/legis/bills/display_ps.asp?ld=162&PID=1456&snum=127


Sponsors | Actions | Bill Text | Patterns of Support


Sponsors

Principal Sponsor: Rep. Beth O’Connor of Berwick: (R – District 5) — e-mail | Facebook

9 Cosponsors:

Actions

Chamber

Action
1/29/2015 House Committee on Judiciary suggested and ordered printed.
The Bill was REFERRED to the Committee on JUDICIARY.
Sent for concurrence. ORDERED SENT FORTHWITH.
2/3/2015 Senate On motion by Senator VOLK of Cumberland REFERRED to the Committee on Judiciary, in concurrence.
4/14/2015 House Reports READ.
Representative HOBBINS of Saco moved to ACCEPT the Majority Ought Not to Pass Report.
On further motion of the same Representative TABLED pending his motion to ACCEPT the Majority Ought Not to Pass Report.
Later today assigned.
4/14/2015 House Unfinished Business
4/16/2015 House Unfinished Business
4/21/2015 House Unfinished Business
4/23/2015 House Unfinished Business
4/28/2015 House Unfinished Business
4/29/2015 House Unfinished Business
4/30/2015 House Unfinished Business
5/5/2015 House Unfinished Business
5/6/2015 House Unfinished Business
5/7/2015 House Unfinished Business
5/12/2015 House Unfinished Business
5/13/2015 House Unfinished Business
5/14/2015 House Unfinished Business
5/19/2015 House Unfinished Business
5/20/2015 House Unfinished Business
5/21/2015 House Unfinished Business
5/26/2015 House Unfinished Business
5/27/2015 House Unfinished Business
5/28/2015 House Unfinished Business
5/29/2015 House Unfinished Business
6/1/2015 House Unfinished Business
6/2/2015 House Unfinished Business
6/3/2015 House Unfinished Business
6/4/2015 House Unfinished Business
6/5/2015 House Unfinished Business
6/8/2015 House Unfinished Business
6/9/2015 House Unfinished Business
6/10/2015 House Speaker laid before the House
Subsequently, the Majority Ought Not to Pass Report was ACCEPTED.
Sent for concurrence. ORDERED SENT FORTHWITH.
6/10/2015 Senate Reports READ.
On motion by Senator BURNS of Washington the Majority Ought Not to Pass Report ACCEPTED, in concurrence.
Placed in the Legislative Files (DEAD).

Bill Text

.

An Act To Protect the Rights of Property Owners

Be it enacted by the People of the State of Maine as follows:

Sec. 1. 1 MRSA c. 22 is enacted to read:

CHAPTER 22

PROTECTION OF RIGHTS OF PROPERTY OWNERS

851. Definitions

As used in this chapter, unless the context otherwise indicates, the following terms have the following meanings.

1. Compensation. “Compensation” means a payment of money to an owner of privately owned land equal to the amount of fair market value that is taken by a public entity.
2. Family member. “Family member” means a spouse, child, parent, sibling, grandparent, grandchild, brother-in-law, sister-in-law, son-in-law, daughter-in-law, mother-in-law, father-in-law, aunt, uncle, niece, nephew, stepparent or stepchild of an owner. “Family member” includes an estate of or a legal entity owned by one or a combination of persons listed in this subsection.
3. Land use regulation. “Land use regulation” means:

A. A statute restricting the use of or interest in privately owned land;
B. A state administrative, departmental or agency rule that restricts or prohibits the use of or interest in privately owned land; or
C. A municipal comprehensive plan, ordinance or code that restricts or prohibits the use of or interest in privately owned land.

4. Owner. “Owner” means the owner of record of or an interest in privately owned land.
5. Public entity. “Public entity” means the State, a political subdivision of the State, a department or agency of the State or of any political subdivision of the State or a quasi-governmental entity established or authorized by the State, including but not limited to a public water or sewer district, a public housing authority or a public transportation agency.
6. Taking. “Taking” means the reduction in fair market value created by restricting the use of or an interest in privately owned land through the operation of a land use regulation enacted by a public entity.

852. Taking of private property

A public entity may not create a taking without providing compensation to the owner. A public entity may not enact a land use regulation without a provision for compensation to an affected owner if the land use regulation will create a taking. Except as provided in section 853, subsection 8, a public entity may not enforce a land use regulation that creates a taking without first providing compensation to an affected owner.

853. Remedy

1. Remedy for taking. An owner of privately owned land subject to a taking in violation of section 852 may seek a remedy pursuant to this section.
2. Written demand. An owner who seeks a remedy under this section must provide a written demand for remedy to the public entity creating the taking.
3. Public entity to determine remedy. The public entity responsible for the taking shall determine the remedy for an owner making a written demand under subsection 2, which must be provided to the owner within 180 days of the written demand and include one of the following:

A. Repealing the land use regulation;
B. Modifying the land use regulation to eliminate the taking;
C. Exempting the owner from the land use regulation and providing the owner a written and attested confirmation of the exemption, which must remain in effect until the land use regulation is repealed or modified so that it no longer creates a taking; or
D. Providing compensation to the owner.

4. Procedure for processing written demands. A public entity may adopt a procedure to process a written demand under subsection 2, but the procedure may not be used to establish a prerequisite for filing a written demand, and the failure of the owner to file an application for a land use permit may not serve as grounds for dismissal, abatement or delay of a remedy under this section.
5. Cause of action. An owner who made a written demand under subsection 2 who has not received a remedy under subsection 3 within 180 days of making a written demand has a cause of action to compel the remedy with the Superior Court of the county in which the privately owned land subject to the taking is located. An owner who prevails in a cause of action under this subsection is entitled to reasonable attorney’s fees, expenses and costs incurred in compelling a remedy under this section.
6. Failure to remedy. If a public entity has failed to provide a remedy under subsection 3 within 180 days from the date of the written demand under subsection 2, the owner may use the privately owned land in accordance with the land use regulation in effect at the time the owner or a family member first acquired the privately owned land, and the land use regulation creating the taking may not be enforced against the owner.
7. Statute of limitations. A written demand under subsection 2 must be made within 3 years of the effective date of this chapter or of the date on which a public entity applies a land use regulation creating the taking as a criterion for approval of a land use permit application submitted by the owner.
8. Exceptions. Subsection 1 does not apply to a land use regulation:

A. Restricting or prohibiting an activity commonly and historically recognized as a public nuisance under common law. This paragraph must be construed narrowly in favor of finding a remedy under this section;
B. Restricting or prohibiting activities for the protection of public health and safety, including fire codes, health and sanitation regulations and solid and hazardous waste or pollution control regulations;
C. Enacted prior to the date of acquisition of the privately owned land by the owner or a family member; or
D. To the extent that the land use regulation is consistent with the powers authorized under the United States Constitution and the Constitution of Maine and in accordance with the intent of the people at the time the constitutions and any relevant amendments were ratified by the states or by the people.

9. Construction. This section must be construed to strictly limit the powers and duties of a public entity under the United States Constitution and the Constitution of Maine in any taking of private property rights, directly or indirectly, in whole or in part, and to provide a remedy for owners when private property rights have been taken or restricted without due process as a result of enactment and enforcement of land use regulations.

summary

This bill requires that any entity enacting or enforcing a land use regulation that creates a taking of privately owned land, defined as a reduction in fair market value of the land, provide compensation in the amount of the reduction in fair market value to the owner of the land or repeal or not enforce the regulation against that owner. The bill provides a remedy and cause of action for owners of privately owned land who are subject to a taking by a land use regulation, with a statute of limitations of 3 years of the effective date of this legislation or when a land use regulation creating a taking is used as a criterion for approval of a land use permit application by an owner of privately owned land, whichever comes later. Exceptions to the compensation requirements include common law nuisances, public health and safety protections, regulations enacted prior to the date of acquisition of the property by the owner or a family member of the owner and regulations consistent with the original intent of the United States Constitution and the Constitution of Maine.

Patterns of Support

Pattern of Cosponsorship by Region:

Pattern of Cosponsorship by Gender:

Pattern of Cosponsorship by Party:

Pattern of Cosponsorship by Campaign Finance Classification:

Note: Maine Clean Elections Act (MCEA) Qualified candidates only accept a small dollar value of initial contributions early in their campaigns, pledge not to accept further campaign contributions from private sources, and receive public funding for their campaigns. MCEA Non-Qualified candidates choose not to obtain public funding and instead are free to accept campaign contributions from individuals, party committees, political action committees and business sources.


This information about LD 162 was last updated on 2016-05-12.
The Open Maine Politics website is in a beta release and results should not be taken as definitive. Please visit the official website of the Maine State Legislature for entirely verifiable information.

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