Maine LD 180: An Act To Allow Terminally Ill Patients To Choose To Use Experimental Treatments

LD 180 (subjects: HEALTH CARE SERVICES , PRESCRIPTION DRUGS )

Official bill page at mainelegislature.org: http://www.mainelegislature.org/legis/bills/display_ps.asp?ld=180&PID=1456&snum=127


Sponsors | Actions | Bill Text | Patterns of Support


Sponsors

Principal Sponsor: Rep. Thomas Longstaff of Waterville: (D – District 109) — e-mail | Facebook

10 Cosponsors:

Actions

Chamber

Action
1/29/2015 House Committee on Health and Human Services suggested and ordered printed.
The Bill was REFERRED to the Committee on HEALTH AND HUMAN SERVICES.
Sent for concurrence. ORDERED SENT FORTHWITH.
2/3/2015 Senate On motion by Senator Brakey of Androscoggin, REFERRED to the Committee on Health and Human Services, in concurrence.
6/30/2015 Senate CARRIED OVER to any Special or Regular Session of the 127th Legislature pursuant to Joint Order HP 992. in concurrence
6/30/2015 House Carried over to any special and/or regular session of the 127th Legislature pursuant to Joint Order HP 992.
6/30/2015 Senate CARRIED OVER to any Special or Regular Session of the 127th Legislature pursuant to Joint Order HP 992. , in concurrence.
7/21/2015 Senate CARRIED OVER to any Special or Regular Session of the 127th Legislature pursuant to Joint Order HP 992.
3/22/2016 House Reports READ.
On motion of Representative GATTINE of Westbrook, the Majority Ought to Pass as Amended Report was ACCEPTED.
ROLL CALL NO. 503
(Yeas 114 – Nays 28 – Absent 9 – Excused 0)
The Bill was READ ONCE.
Committee Amendment “A” (H-577) was READ and ADOPTED.
Under suspension of the rules, the Bill was given its SECOND READING without REFERENCE to the Committee on Bills in the Second Reading.
The Bill was PASSED TO BE ENGROSSED as Amended by Committee Amendment “A” (H-577).
Sent for concurrence. ORDERED SENT FORTHWITH.
3/23/2016 Senate Reports READ
On motion by Senator BRAKEY of Androscoggin Majority Ought to Pass As Amended Report ACCEPTED

Roll Call Ordered Roll Call Number 539 Yeas 20 – Nays 11 – Excused 3 – Absent 0 PREVAILED
READ ONCE

Committee Amendment “A” (H-577) READ and ADOPTED

Under suspension of the Rules, READ A SECOND TIME PASSED TO BE ENGROSSED AS AMENDED BY Committee Amendment “A” (H-577)
Ordered sent down forthwith for concurrence.
3/24/2016 House PASSED TO BE ENACTED.
Sent for concurrence. ORDERED SENT FORTHWITH.
3/28/2016 Senate PASSED TO BE ENACTED, in concurrence.

Bill Text

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An Act To Allow Terminally Ill Patients To Choose To Use Experimental Treatments

Be it enacted by the People of the State of Maine as follows:

Sec. 1. 22 MRSA c. 602-A is enacted to read:

CHAPTER 602-A

ACCESS TO INVESTIGATIONAL TREATMENTS FOR TERMINALLY ILL PATIENTS

2671. Definitions

As used in this chapter, unless the context otherwise indicates, the following terms have the following meanings.

1. Carrier. “Carrier” has the same meaning as in Title 24-A, section 4301-A, subsection 3.
2. Eligible patient. “Eligible patient” means a person who has:

A. Received a diagnosis of a terminal illness for which no standard treatment is effective and the diagnosis has been attested by the person’s treating physician;
B. Considered all treatment options approved by the United States Food and Drug Administration;
C. Been unable to participate in a clinical trial for treatment of the terminal illness within 100 miles of the person’s home address or has not been accepted into a clinical trial within one week of completion of the clinical trial application process;
D. Received a recommendation from the person’s treating physician for an investigational drug, biological product or device;
E. Given written, informed consent for the use of the investigational drug, biological product or device under paragraph D or, if the person is a minor or lacks the mental capacity to provide informed consent, whose parent or legal guardian has given written, informed consent on the person’s behalf; and
F. Received documentation from the person’s treating physician that the person meets all of the conditions in this subsection.

3. Investigational drug, biological product or device. “Investigational drug, biological product or device” means a drug, biological product or device that has successfully completed Phase I of a United States Food and Drug Administration-approved clinical trial but has not yet been approved for general use by the United States Food and Drug Administration and remains under investigation in such a clinical trial.
4. Terminal illness. “Terminal illness” means a disease or condition that, without life-sustaining measures, is reasonably expected to result in death within 6 months.
5. Treating physician. “Treating physician” means a physician who has primary responsibility for the care of a patient and treatment of that patient’s terminal illness.
6. Written, informed consent. “Written, informed consent” means a written document signed by a patient or, if the patient is a minor or lacks the mental capacity to provide informed consent, a parent or legal guardian of the patient. The document must be attested by the patient’s treating physician and a witness and include the following information:

A. An explanation of the United States Food and Drug Administration-approved treatments for the disease or condition from which the patient suffers;
B. A statement that the patient concurs with the patient’s treating physician that all United States Food and Drug Administration-approved and standard treatments for the disease or condition from which the patient suffers are unlikely to prolong the patient’s life;
C. Clear identification of the specific investigational drug, biological product or device that the patient is seeking to use;
D. A description of the best and worst potential outcomes of using the investigational drug, biological product or device identified under paragraph C with a description of the most likely outcome. The description must include the possibility that new, unanticipated, different or worse symptoms might result and that death could be hastened by the proposed treatment. The description must be based on the treating physician’s knowledge of the proposed treatment in conjunction with the treating physician’s knowledge of the patient’s overall medical condition;
E. A statement that the patient’s carrier is not obligated to pay for any care or treatments consequent to the use of the investigational drug, biological product or device identified under paragraph C, unless the carrier is specifically required to do so by law or contract;
F. A statement that the patient’s eligibility for hospice services may be withdrawn if the patient begins curative treatment with the investigational drug, biological product or device identified under paragraph C and that hospice services may be reinstated if the curative treatment ends and the patient meets hospice eligibility requirements;
G. A statement that the patient may not be eligible for in-home health care services if treatment with the investigational drug, biological product or device identified under paragraph C begins; and
H. A statement that the patient understands that the patient is liable for all expenses consequent to the use of the investigational drug, biological product or device identified under paragraph C and that the liability extends to the patient’s estate, unless a contract between the patient and the manufacturer of the investigational drug, biological product or device states otherwise.

2672. Availability of investigational drug, biological product or device by manufacturer

A manufacturer of an investigational drug, biological product or device may make available the investigational drug, biological product or device to an eligible patient.

1. Compensation. A manufacturer may provide an investigational drug, biological product or device to an eligible patient with or without receiving compensation.
2. Costs. A manufacturer may require an eligible patient to pay the costs of or associated with the manufacture of an investigational drug, biological product or device.

2673. Insurance

This chapter does not expand the coverage required of a carrier under the Maine Insurance Code.

1. Coverage. A carrier may provide coverage for an investigational drug, biological product or device.
2. Coverage denial. Unless specifically required to provide coverage by law or contract, a carrier may deny coverage to an eligible patient from the time the eligible patient begins use of an investigational drug, biological product or device through a period not to exceed 6 months from the time the investigational drug, biological product or device is no longer used by the eligible patient. A carrier may not deny coverage for a preexisting condition or coverage for benefits that commenced prior to the time the eligible patient began use of the investigational drug, biological product or device.

2674. Action against health care practitioner license prohibited

A licensing board may not revoke, refuse to renew or suspend the license of or take any action against a health care practitioner as defined in Title 24, section 2502, subsection 1-A based solely on the health care practitioner’s recommendations to an eligible patient regarding access to or treatment with an investigational drug, biological product or device, as long as the recommendations are consistent with medical standards of care.

2675. Officials, employees and agents of the State

1. Violation. An official, employee or agent of the State may not block or attempt to block an eligible patient’s access to an investigational drug, biological product or device.
2. Penalty. An official, employee or agent of the State who violates this section commits a Class E crime.
3. Medical standards of care. This section does not prohibit an official, employee or agent of the State from providing counseling, advice or a recommendation consistent with medical standards of care.

2676. No cause of action created

This chapter does not create a private cause of action against a manufacturer of an investigational drug, biological product or device or against any other person or entity involved in the care of an eligible patient using the investigational drug, biological product or device for any harm done to the eligible patient resulting from the investigational drug, biological product or device if the manufacturer or other person or entity is complying in good faith with the provisions of this chapter and has exercised reasonable care.

2677. Clinical trial coverage

This chapter does not affect the mandatory health care coverage for participation in clinical trials pursuant to Title 24-A, section 4310.

SUMMARY

This bill authorizes manufacturers of drugs, biological products and devices that have completed Phase I of a United States Food and Drug Administration-approved clinical trial but have not yet been approved for general use and remain under clinical investigation to make them available to eligible terminally ill patients. The bill does not require health insurers to provide coverage for the cost of such a drug, biological product or device but authorizes insurers to provide such coverage. The bill prohibits licensing boards from revoking, refusing to renew or suspending the license of or taking any other action against a health care practitioner based solely on the practitioner’s recommendation to an eligible patient regarding access to or treatment with such a drug, biological product or device. It prohibits any official, employee or agent of the State from blocking or attempting to block access by an eligible patient to such a drug, biological product or device.

Patterns of Support

Pattern of Cosponsorship by Region:

Pattern of Cosponsorship by Gender:

Pattern of Cosponsorship by Party:

Pattern of Cosponsorship by Campaign Finance Classification:

Note: Maine Clean Elections Act (MCEA) Qualified candidates only accept a small dollar value of initial contributions early in their campaigns, pledge not to accept further campaign contributions from private sources, and receive public funding for their campaigns. MCEA Non-Qualified candidates choose not to obtain public funding and instead are free to accept campaign contributions from individuals, party committees, political action committees and business sources.


This information about LD 180 was last updated on 2016-05-12.
The Open Maine Politics website is in a beta release and results should not be taken as definitive. Please visit the official website of the Maine State Legislature for entirely verifiable information.

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