Maine LD 440: An Act To Create a Secure, Therapeutic Mental Health Unit

LD 440 (subjects: PRISONERS , MEDICAL CARE )

Official bill page at mainelegislature.org: http://www.mainelegislature.org/legis/bills/display_ps.asp?ld=440&PID=1456&snum=127


Sponsors | Actions | Bill Text | Patterns of Support


Sponsors

Principal Sponsor: Sen. Stanley Gerzofsky of Cumberland: (D – District 24) — e-mail | Facebook

9 Cosponsors:

Actions

Chamber

Action
2/24/2015 Senate Committee on CRIMINAL JUSTICE AND PUBLIC SAFETY
suggested and ordered printed
On motion by Senator Rosen of Hancock REFERRED to the Committee on CRIMINAL JUSTICE AND PUBLIC SAFETY
Ordered sent down forthwith for concurrence.
2/24/2015 House Bill REFERRED to the Committee on CRIMINAL JUSTICE AND PUBLIC SAFETY.
In concurrence. ORDERED SENT FORTHWITH.
6/30/2015 Senate CARRIED OVER to any Special or Regular Session of the 127th Legislature pursuant to Joint Order HP 992. in concurrence
6/30/2015 House Carried over to any special and/or regular session of the 127th Legislature pursuant to Joint Order HP 992.
6/30/2015 Senate CARRIED OVER to any Special or Regular Session of the 127th Legislature pursuant to Joint Order HP 992. , in concurrence.
7/21/2015 Senate CARRIED OVER to any Special or Regular Session of the 127th Legislature pursuant to Joint Order HP 992.
4/4/2016 Senate Reports READ On motion by Senator ROSEN of Hancock Tabled until Later in Today’s Session, pending ACCEPTANCE OF EITHER REPORT
Unfinished Business
4/5/2016 Senate Unfinished Business
4/6/2016 Senate Taken from the table by the President
On motion by Senator ROSEN of Hancock The Majority Ought Not To Pass Report ACCEPTED
Ordered sent down forthwith for concurrence
4/7/2016 House Reports READ.
On motion of Representative GIDEON of Freeport, the Majority Ought Not to Pass Report was ACCEPTED.
In concurrence. ORDERED SENT FORTHWITH.
Placed in the Legislative Files. (DEAD)

Bill Text

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An Act To Create a Secure, Therapeutic Mental Health Unit

Be it enacted by the People of the State of Maine as follows:

Sec. 1. 15 MRSA 101-D, sub- 4, as amended by PL 2013, c. 265, 1, is further amended to read:

4. Commitment for observation. The court may commit the defendant to the custody of the Commissioner of Health and Human Services for placement in the secure, therapeutic mental health unit established pursuant to Title 34-A, section 4303 unless the Commissioner of Health and Human Services determines the defendant’s placement in that unit is contraindicated, in which case the defendant may be placed in an appropriate alternative institution that is appropriate for the care and treatment of people with mental illness or in an appropriate residential program that provides care and treatment for persons who have intellectual disabilities or autism, as set forth in this subsection. If the State Forensic Service determines that observation of the defendant will materially enhance its ability to perform an examination ordered pursuant to subsection 1, 2, 3 or 9 and the defendant is incarcerated, the observation may take place at the correctional facility where the defendant is incarcerated if the State Forensic Service determines that the correctional facility can provide an appropriate setting for the observation. If the observation is to take place in a correctional facility, the court may not commit the defendant to the custody of the Commissioner of Health and Human Services.

A. If the State Forensic Service determines that observation of the defendant in the secure, therapeutic mental health unit or an appropriate alternative institution that is appropriate for the care of people with mental illness or in an appropriate residential program that provides care and treatment for persons who have intellectual disabilities or autism will materially enhance its ability to perform an examination ordered pursuant to subsection 1, 2, 3 or 9, the State Forensic Service shall so advise the court. The State Forensic Service may make this determination based upon consultation with the defendant???s attorney and the attorney for the State and the court and upon such other information as it determines appropriate. In addition, the State Forensic Service may include such a determination in a report to the court that recommends further evaluation of the defendant.
B. Upon a determination by the State Forensic Service under paragraph A, a court having jurisdiction in a criminal case may commit the defendant to the custody of the Commissioner of Health and Human Services for placement in the secure, therapeutic mental health unit unless the Commissioner of Health and Human Services determines the defendant’s placement in that unit is contraindicated, in which case the defendant may be placed in an appropriate alternative institution that is appropriate for the care and treatment of people with mental illness or in an appropriate residential program that provides care and treatment for persons who have intellectual disabilities or autism for observation for a period not to exceed 60 days. If the State Forensic Service requires additional time for observation, it shall communicate its request and the reasons for that request to the court and to counsel for the parties. The court shall accommodate a party’s request to be heard on the issue of whether an extension should be granted and may extend the commitment for up to an additional 90 days. Unless the defendant objects, an order under this paragraph must authorize the institution or residential program where the defendant is placed by the Commissioner of Health and Human Services to provide treatment to the defendant. When further observation of the defendant is determined no longer necessary by the State Forensic Service, the commissioner shall report that determination to the court and the court shall terminate the commitment. If the defendant had been incarcerated prior to the commitment for observation and if, during the period of observation, the defendant presents a substantial risk of causing bodily injury to staff or others that cannot be managed in an appropriate institution for the care and treatment of people with mental illness or in an appropriate residential program that provides care and treatment for persons who have intellectual disabilities or autism, the commissioner may return the defendant to the correctional facility shall commit the defendant to the secure, therapeutic mental health unit. The commissioner shall report the risk management issues to the court. Upon receiving the report, the court shall review the report and may enter any order authorized by this section, including termination of the commitment.
C. If the court has provided for remand to a correctional facility following the commitment under paragraph B, the correctional facility shall execute the remand order upon advice from the Commissioner of Health and Human Services that commitment is determined no longer necessary.

Sec. 2. 15 MRSA 101-D, sub- 5, A, as amended by PL 2013, c. 434, 1 and affected by 15, is further amended to read:

A. Commit the defendant to the custody of the Commissioner of Health and Human Services for placement in the secure, therapeutic mental health unit established in Title 34-A, section 4303 unless the Commissioner of Health and Human Services determines the defendant’s placement in that unit is contraindicated, in which case the defendant may be placed in an appropriate alternative program that is appropriate for observation, care and treatment of people with mental illness or persons with intellectual disabilities or autism. An appropriate program may be in an institution for the care and treatment of people with mental illness, an intermediate care facility for persons who have intellectual disabilities or autism, a crisis stabilization unit, a nursing home, a residential care facility, an assisted living facility, a hospice, a hospital, an intensive outpatient treatment program or any program specifically approved by the court. At the end of 30 days or sooner, and again in the event of recommitment, at the end of 60 days and 180 days, the State Forensic Service or other appropriate office of the Department of Health and Human Services shall forward a report to the Commissioner of Health and Human Services relative to the defendant’s competence to stand trial and its reasons. The Commissioner of Health and Human Services shall without delay file the report with the court having jurisdiction of the case. The court shall hold a hearing on the question of the defendant’s competence to stand trial and receive all relevant testimony bearing on the question. If the State Forensic Service’s report or the report of another appropriate office of the Department of Health and Human Services to the court states that the defendant is either now competent or not restorable, the court shall within 30 days hold a hearing. If the court determines that the defendant is not competent to stand trial, but there does exist a substantial probability that the defendant will be competent to stand trial in the foreseeable future, the court shall recommit the defendant to the custody of the Commissioner of Health and Human Services for placement in the secure, therapeutic mental health unit established pursuant to Title 34-A, section 4303 unless the Commissioner of Health and Human Services determines the defendant’s placement in that unit is contraindicated, in which case the defendant may be placed in an appropriate alternative program that is appropriate for observation, care and treatment of people with mental illness or persons with intellectual disabilities or autism. An appropriate program may be in an institution for the care and treatment of people with mental illness, an intermediate care facility for persons who have intellectual disabilities or autism, a crisis stabilization unit, a nursing home, a residential care facility, an assisted living facility, a hospice, a hospital, an intensive outpatient treatment program or any program specifically approved by the court. When a person who has been evaluated on behalf of the court by the State Forensic Service or other appropriate office of the Department of Health and Human Services is committed into the custody of the Commissioner of Health and Human Services under this paragraph, the court shall order that the State Forensic Service or other appropriate office of the Department of Health and Human Services share any information that it has collected or generated with respect to the person with the institution or residential program in which the person is placed. If the defendant is charged with an offense under Title 17-A, chapter 9, 11 or 13 or Title 17-A, section 506-A, 802 or 803-A and the court determines that the defendant is not competent to stand trial and there does not exist a substantial probability that the defendant can be competent in the foreseeable future, the court shall dismiss all charges against the defendant and, unless the defendant is subject to an undischarged term of imprisonment, order the Commissioner of Health and Human Services to commence proceedings pursuant to Title 34-B, chapter 3, subchapter 4. If the defendant is charged with an offense other than an offense under Title 17-A, chapter 9, 11 or 13 or Title 17-A, section 506-A, 802 or 803-A and the court determines that the defendant is not competent to stand trial and there does not exist a substantial probability that the defendant can be competent in the foreseeable future, the court shall dismiss all charges against the defendant and, unless the defendant is subject to an undischarged term of imprisonment, notify the appropriate authorities who may institute civil commitment proceedings for the individual. If the defendant is subject to an undischarged term of imprisonment, the court shall order the defendant into execution of that sentence and the correctional facility to which the defendant must be transported shall execute the court’s order; or

Sec. 3. 15 MRSA 103, first , as amended by PL 2011, c. 542, Pt. A, 10, is further amended to read:

When a court accepts a negotiated plea of not criminally responsible by reason of insanity or when a defendant is found not criminally responsible by reason of insanity by jury verdict or court finding, the judgment must so state. In those cases the court shall order the person committed to the custody of the Commissioner of Health and Human Services to be placed in the secure, therapeutic mental health unit established pursuant to Title 34-A, section 4303 unless the Commissioner of Health and Human Services determines the person’s placement in that unit is contraindicated, in which case the person may be placed in an appropriate alternative institution that is appropriate for the care and treatment of persons with mental illness or in an appropriate residential program that provides care and treatment for persons who have intellectual disabilities or autism for care and treatment. Upon placement in the appropriate institution or residential program and in the event of transfer from one institution or residential program to another of persons committed under this section, notice of the placement or transfer must be given by the commissioner to the committing court.

Sec. 4. 34-A MRSA 3069-A, sub- 1 and 2, as enacted by PL 2013, c. 434, 5, are amended to read:

1. Eligible inmates. The commissioner may transfer from a jail to a correctional facility an adult inmate who the chief administrative officer of the Riverview Psychiatric Center confirms is eligible for admission to a state mental health institute under Title 34-B, section 3863, but for whom no suitable bed is available, for the purpose of providing to the inmate mental health services in a mental health unit of a correctional facility that provides intensive mental health care and treatment. The commissioner may not transfer pursuant to this section a person who has been found not criminally responsible by reason of insanity. The commissioner may return an inmate transferred pursuant to this subsection back to the sending facility.

For purposes of this subsection, “intensive mental health care and treatment” has the same meaning as in section 3049, subsection 1.

For purposes of this subsection, “state mental health institute” includes the secure, therapeutic mental health unit established pursuant to section 4303.

2. Evaluation. The commissioner may transfer from a jail to a correctional facility an adult inmate whom the court orders to be examined or further evaluated by the State Forensic Service under Title 15, section 101-D, subsection 1, 2, 3 or 9 if the State Forensic Service determines that the secure, therapeutic mental health unit does not have a suitable bed available or that the jail where the inmate is incarcerated cannot provide an appropriate setting for the examination but that a mental health unit in a correctional facility can provide an appropriate setting for the examination. The commissioner shall return an inmate transferred pursuant to this subsection back to the sending facility upon the completion of the examination ordered, including any further evaluation ordered, unless the commissioner transferred the inmate for another reason in addition to the examination.

Sec. 5. 34-A MRSA 3069-B, sub- 1, B, as enacted by PL 2013, c. 434, 6, is amended to read:

B. There is not sufficient security at a state mental health institute to address the likelihood of serious harm; and

Sec. 6. 34-A MRSA 3069-B, sub- 1, B-1 is enacted to read:

B-1. There is not a suitable bed available at the secure, therapeutic mental health unit established pursuant to section 4303; and

Sec. 7. 34-A MRSA c. 3, sub-c. 10 is enacted to read:

SUBCHAPTER 10

SECURE, THERAPEUTIC MENTAL HEALTH UNIT

4301. Secure, therapeutic mental health unit

The department shall establish a secure, therapeutic mental health unit in accordance with this subchapter.

4302. Definitions

As used in this subchapter, unless the context otherwise indicates, the following terms having the following meanings.

1. Forensic patient. “Forensic patient” means a person who has been ordered by a court to undergo examination by the State Forensic Service under Title 15, section 101-D or a person committed under Title 15, section 103.
2. Likelihood of serious harm. “Likelihood of serious harm” means a substantial risk of physical harm to other persons, as manifested by a person’s recent homicidal or other violent behavior or recent conduct placing others in reasonable fear of serious physical harm.
3. Person with mental illness. “Person with mental illness” means a person who has attained 18 years of age and has been diagnosed as having a psychiatric or other illness that substantially impairs that person’s mental health. An intellectual disability as defined in Title 34-B, section 5001, subsection 3 or a personality disorder is not a psychiatric or other illness for purposes of this subsection.
4. Unit. “Unit” means the secure, therapeutic mental health unit established pursuant to section 4303.

4303. Unit establishment

The department and the Commissioner of Health and Human Services shall enter into an agreement with either the sheriff of Cumberland County or the sheriff of Somerset County to establish a secure, therapeutic mental health unit within the county jail facilities of either Cumberland County or Somerset County for the purposes of providing risk assessments and therapeutic care for forensic patients.

1. Security and mental health staff. The department shall provide:

A. Security for the unit and transportation of patients to and from the unit. Security staff must be dedicated to the unit and trained to provide security in a mental health hospital environment; and
B. Therapeutic mental health care that meets or exceeds the standards for mental health services in a correctional facility established by a national organization that has an accreditation program for correctional facilities that provide mental health treatment. The department, in consultation with the Department of Health and Human Services, may contract with a private entity to provide therapeutic mental health care at the unit or may enter into an agreement with the Department of Health and Human Services and the county jail to have the Department of Health and Human Services provide therapeutic mental health care.

2. Sight and sound separation. The population in the unit must be separated by sight and sound from the general jail population at all times.
3. Admittance to the unit. A person who is ordered to undergo examination by the State Forensic Service under Title 15, section 101-D must be placed into the unit unless:

A. The person is an inmate at a state correctional facility;
B. The Department of Health and Human Services determines that the person’s mental health condition contraindicates placement in the unit; or
C. The department determines that there is not a suitable bed in the unit available for the person.

4. Federal certification. The department, the Department of Health and Human Services and the county sheriff for the county in which the unit is located shall work to obtain and maintain for the unit federal certification as a mental health hospital.

Sec. 8. 34-B MRSA 1207, sub- 1, B, as amended by PL 2013, c. 132, 1 and amended by c. 434, 7, is repealed and the following enacted in its place:

B. Information may be disclosed if necessary to carry out the statutory functions of the department; the hospitalization provisions of chapter 3, subchapter 4; the provisions of section 1931; the purposes of section 3608; the purposes of Title 5, section 19506; the purposes of United States Public Law 99-319, dealing with the investigatory function of the independent agency designated with advocacy and investigatory functions under United States Public Law 88-164, Title I, Part C or United States Public Law 99-319; the investigation and hearing pursuant to Title 15, section 393, subsection 4-A; or the provision of mental health services by the Department of Corrections pursuant to Title 34-A, section 3031, 3069-A, 3069-B or 4303. This paragraph is repealed August 1, 2017;

Sec. 9. 34-B MRSA 1207, sub- 1, B-3, as enacted by PL 2013, c. 434, 8, is amended to read:

B-3. Information may be disclosed if necessary to carry out the statutory functions of the department; the hospitalization provisions of chapter 3, subchapter 4; the provisions of section 1931; the purposes of sections 3607-A and section 3608; the purposes of Title 5, section 19506; the purposes of United States Public Law 99-319, dealing with the investigatory function of the independent agency designated with advocacy and investigatory functions under United States Public Law 88-164, Title I, Part C or United States Public Law 99-319; or the investigation and hearing pursuant to Title 15, section 393, subsection 4-A ; or the provision of therapeutic mental health care by the Department of Corrections pursuant to Title 34-A, section 4303. This paragraph takes effect August 1, 2017;

Sec. 10. 34-B MRSA 3801, sub- 7-B, as amended by PL 2009, c. 651, 9, is further amended to read:

7-B. Psychiatric hospital. “Psychiatric hospital” means:

A. A state mental health institute;
B. A nonstate mental health institution; or
C. A designated nonstate mental health institution.

For purposes of sections 3863 and 3864, “psychiatric hospital” includes the secure, therapeutic mental health unit established pursuant to Title 34-A, section 4303.

Sec. 11. 34-B MRSA 3863, sub- 2-A, as amended by PL 2007, c. 319, 9, is further amended to read:

2-A. Custody agreement. A state, county or municipal law enforcement agency may meet with representatives of those public and private health practitioners and health care facilities that are willing and qualified to perform the certifying examination required by this section in order to attempt to work out a procedure for the custody of the person who is to be examined while that person is waiting for that examination. Any agreement must be written and signed by and filed with all participating parties. In the event of failure to work out an agreement that is satisfactory to all participating parties, the procedures of section 3862 and this section continue to apply.

As part of an agreement the law enforcement officer requesting certification may transfer protective custody of the person for whom the certification is requested to another law enforcement officer, a health officer if that officer agrees or the chief administrative officer of a public or private health practitioner or health facility or the chief administrative officer’s designee. Any arrangement of this sort must be part of the written agreement between the law enforcement agency and the health practitioner or health care facility. In the event of a transfer, the law enforcement officer seeking the transfer shall provide the written application required by this section.

A Except for placement in the secure, therapeutic mental health unit established pursuant to Title 34-A, section 4303, a person with mental illness may not be detained or confined in any jail or local correctional or detention facility, whether pursuant to the procedures described in section 3862, pursuant to a custody agreement or under any other circumstances, unless that person is being lawfully detained in relation to or is serving a sentence for commission of a crime.

Sec. 12. Report of Department of Health and Human Services, Department of Corrections and the Cumberland County sheriff or Somerset County sheriff. By January 15, 2017, the Department of Corrections, in collaboration with the Department of Health and Human Services and the county sheriff of the county in which the secure, therapeutic mental health unit established pursuant to the Maine Revised Statutes, Title 34-A, section 4303 is located, shall submit a report to the joint standing committee of the Legislature having jurisdiction over criminal justice matters regarding the operations of the unit. The report must include the following information regarding the unit: the average daily population of the unit, the average daily staffing patterns, the average length of stay in the unit, a description of services provided and the number of persons placed in the unit. The report must also include recommendations regarding the reallocation of resources for the unit; the design of the unit; the provisions of forensic services at the Riverview Psychiatric Center and the unit; and the transfer provisions of Title 34-A, sections 3069, 3069-A and 3069-B.

SUMMARY

This bill provides for the establishment of a secure, therapeutic mental health unit for defendants undergoing court-ordered assessments to determine their competency to stand trial or their criminal culpability and to provide therapeutic care for forensic patients. The bill establishes the unit as follows.

1. It directs the Commissioner of Corrections and the Commissioner of Health and Human Services to enter into an agreement to establish the unit with the sheriff of either Cumberland County or Somerset County.

2. It directs the Department of Corrections to provide security for the unit. Security staff must be dedicated to the unit and trained to provide security in a mental health hospital environment.

3. It directs the Department of Corrections to provide therapeutic mental health care for the unit. The therapeutic mental health care must meet standards established by a national organization on correctional facilities mental health standards. The Department of Health and Human Services may also provide mental health services to the unit upon agreement with the Department of Corrections and the county jail.

4. It requires that the population in a secure, therapeutic mental health unit be separated by sight and sound from the general jail population.

5. It specifies that a person under a court order to undergo a mental evaluation by the State Forensic Service must be admitted to the unit unless the Department of Health and Human Services determines that the person’s mental health condition contraindicates admittance to the unit, the person is an inmate at a state correctional facility or there is not a suitable bed available.

Patterns of Support

Pattern of Cosponsorship by Region:

Pattern of Cosponsorship by Gender:

Pattern of Cosponsorship by Party:

Pattern of Cosponsorship by Campaign Finance Classification:

Note: Maine Clean Elections Act (MCEA) Qualified candidates only accept a small dollar value of initial contributions early in their campaigns, pledge not to accept further campaign contributions from private sources, and receive public funding for their campaigns. MCEA Non-Qualified candidates choose not to obtain public funding and instead are free to accept campaign contributions from individuals, party committees, political action committees and business sources.


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