Maine LD 594: An Act To Allow the Creation of a Local Option Sales Tax by Referendum

LD 594 (subjects: SALES AND USE TAX , LOCAL OPTION )

Official bill page at mainelegislature.org: http://www.mainelegislature.org/legis/bills/display_ps.asp?ld=594&PID=1456&snum=127


Sponsors | Actions | Bill Text | Patterns of Support


Sponsors

Principal Sponsor: Sen. Linda Valentino of York: (D – District 31) — e-mail | Twitter | Facebook

11 Cosponsors:

Actions

Chamber

Action
3/3/2015 Senate Committee on TAXATION
suggested and ordered printed
On motion by Senator McCormick of Kennebec REFERRED to the Committee on TAXATION
Ordered sent down forthwith for concurrence.
3/3/2015 House Bill REFERRED to the Committee on TAXATION.
In concurrence. ORDERED SENT FORTHWITH.
5/29/2015 Senate Reports READ.
On motion by Senator McCORMICK of Kennebec the Majority Ought Not to Pass Report ACCEPTED.
Ordered sent down forthwith for concurrence.
6/1/2015 House Reports READ.
On motion of Representative GOODE of Bangor, the Majority Ought Not to Pass Report was ACCEPTED.
In concurrence. ORDERED SENT FORTHWITH.
Placed in the Legislative Files. (DEAD)

Bill Text

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An Act To Allow the Creation of a Local Option Sales Tax by Referendum

Be it enacted by the People of the State of Maine as follows:

Sec. 1. 36 MRSA 1817 is enacted to read:

1817. Municipal local option sales tax

1. Definitions. As used in this section, unless the context otherwise indicates, the following terms have the following meanings.

A. “Participating municipality” means a municipality that has imposed a local option sales tax pursuant to this section.
B. “Sales tax base” means those items subject to sales taxation under this Part.

2. Authorization to impose local option sales tax. A municipality by referendum conducted pursuant to subsection 9 may impose a local option sales tax of no more than 1% on those items that are part of the sales tax base, except for items that are excluded under subsection 3, and may limit the period of time the tax is imposed to specified months of the year. A municipality that adopts a local option sales tax pursuant to this section may not alter the range of items subject to sales taxation under this Part.
3. Excluded items. A municipality may not impose a local option sales tax on aircraft, furniture as defined in section 2551, subsection 4, items used in production, machinery and equipment as defined in section 1752, subsection 7-B, motor vehicles, watercraft or major household appliances. For purposes of this section, “major household appliance” means a piece of equipment used for a specific function in the home purchased for more than $500 excluding tax.
4. Notify assessor. A municipality that imposes a local option sales tax under subsection 2 shall notify the assessor at least 90 days before the local option sales tax is effective.
5. Administration. Retailers in a participating municipality shall transfer the revenue from the local option sales tax at the time and in the manner provided in section 1951-A for the transfer of state sales tax revenue. The tax is subject to the same enforcement provisions, interest, penalties and administrative actions as other taxes assessed under this Part.
6. Distribution of revenue. Each month, the assessor shall identify the amount of revenue attributable to each participating municipality under this section, subtract the costs of administering this section and certify the net amount due each participating municipality to the Treasurer of State. The Treasurer of State shall make monthly payments to municipal treasurers of the net amounts certified by the assessor under this subsection.

For purposes of this subsection, “costs of administering this section” means the lesser of the actual cost to the assessor of administering this section and 2% of the total revenue generated by municipalities that impose local option sales taxes.

7. Use of revenue by participating municipality. The revenue raised by the imposition of a local option sales tax under this section must be held by the municipality in a special revenue account established for that purpose. Revenue from that account may be expended only if specifically authorized by an appropriation of the local legislative body.
8. Effect on revenue sharing and other state aid programs. Revenue received by the State pursuant to subsection 6 may not be considered to be receipts from the taxes imposed under this Part for the purpose of transfers to the Local Government Fund under Title 30-A, section 5681. Revenue received pursuant to subsection 6 may not be used to reduce or eliminate any funding otherwise due the county or participating municipality under any provision of law providing aid to the county or participating municipality, including, but not limited to, aid for schools, roads, public assistance or jails.
9. Referendum. The question of whether to impose a local option sales tax must be submitted to the legal voters of a municipality that seeks to impose the local option sales tax.

The petition process and voting must be held and conducted in accordance with Title 30-A, sections 2528, 2529 and 2532 even if the municipality has not accepted the provisions of Title 30-A, section 2528. The voting at elections must be held and conducted in accordance with Title 21-A. The municipal clerk shall prepare the required ballots, which must contain substantially the following question:

“Do you favor a local option sales tax of up to 1% to be imposed by [insert name of municipality] for the months of [insert the names of the months] each year?”

The voters shall indicate by a cross or check mark placed against the word “Yes” or “No” their opinion of the same. The municipal clerk shall make a return of the results, certify the results and send them to the Secretary of State. The Secretary of State shall forward the results to the assessor.

The local option sales tax may be discontinued by referendum conducted in the same manner as the referendum adopting the local option sales tax under this section.

10. Effective date of local option sales tax; acceptance by voters. The local option sales tax authorized by this section takes effect 120 days after the municipal referendum vote under subsection 9 if it is accepted by a majority of the legal voters voting at the election and the total number of votes cast equals or exceeds 20% of the total number of votes cast in that municipality in the most recent gubernatorial election.
11. Repeal. This section is repealed on December 31, 2018.

summary

This bill allows a municipality to impose a local option sales tax, which may be seasonal, of no more than 1% by local referendum. Certain items, such as motor vehicles and major household appliances, are excluded from the local option sales tax.

Patterns of Support

Pattern of Cosponsorship by Region:

Pattern of Cosponsorship by Gender:

Pattern of Cosponsorship by Party:

Pattern of Cosponsorship by Campaign Finance Classification:

Note: Maine Clean Elections Act (MCEA) Qualified candidates only accept a small dollar value of initial contributions early in their campaigns, pledge not to accept further campaign contributions from private sources, and receive public funding for their campaigns. MCEA Non-Qualified candidates choose not to obtain public funding and instead are free to accept campaign contributions from individuals, party committees, political action committees and business sources.


This information about LD 594 was last updated on 2016-05-12.
The Open Maine Politics website is in a beta release and results should not be taken as definitive. Please visit the official website of the Maine State Legislature for entirely verifiable information.

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